High altitude sickness is a common issue between the trekkers/mountain climbers/tourists in Nepal. The outstanding landscapes, snow-capped mountains, and top hills are ultimate destinations for adventure seekers in Nepal. So, the enthusiasm for adventurous trekking can sometimes challenge by altitude factors, i.e., High Altitude Sickness.
Trekkers/Travellers should be aware of altitude sickness, because with the increase in altitude while trekking the risk of high altitude sickness factor arises. Especially Altitude sickness can result after an elevation of 2500m above sea level. However, altitude above 3000m is considered riskier for trekkers.
So, the primary cause of altitude sickness is due to increasing air pressure, lesser oxygen which can cause physical and mental fatigue. The majority of travelers/trekkers are affected by dehydration, which can cause substantial loss of water vapor from the human lungs. Similarly, some travelers/trekkers can suffer from vomiting and breathing issues at such elevating routes.
Types of High Altitude Sickness
High Altitude Sickness has three parts, namely, Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE), and High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). But Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is shared among the trekkers/travelers/mountaineers in Nepal. Such an altitude sickness is a part of dramatic fatigue in the human body which can go ascending as the altitude rises. Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is a common issue in the Everest Region of Nepal, so travelers/trekkers carry extra precautions in this region. The impact of altitude sickness among trekkers in other areas is relatively lesser in different Himalayan routes as compared to the Everest region. Similarly, HACE and HAPE occur due to relative complications of AMS (Altitude Mountain Sickness). But according to the annual reports of trekking and mountaineering in Nepal, the majority of complications are due to Altitude Mountain Sickness (AMS).
Furthermore, trekkers can accomplish their bodies to the elevating altitude to prevent the risk of altitude mountain sickness. It’s very vital to take a deep breath, rest and incline a bit along the trekking routes. Trekkers should take plenty of rest to tackle lower air pressure, lower oxygen levels, and fatigue.
Recommended Prevention Measures:
• Take Prophylaxis before trekking.
• Always test your Red Blood Cells before the journey to prevent any respiratory complications.
• Dehydration issues may arise, so drink plenty of water to accomplish altitude routes.
• Be stable and accomplish your route with plenty of rest.
• Vomiting can occur due to altitude sickness so, take an appropriate diet before your journey begins.